The Sound Beginnings Literacyscape™ captures the key elements of effective literacy teaching. It highlights the importance of conversation, questioning, vocabulary acquisition and use, and the development of verbal reasoning and abstract language capability. These elements are crucial for all learners to access the language of learning and ensure literacy success. Oral language and communication skills are fundamental for literacy learning and overall development.

Structured literacy involves systematic, explicit instruction covering language structure, the speech sound system (phonology), the writing system (orthography), sentence structure (syntax), the meaningful parts of words (morphology), the meaning of and relationships amongst words (semantics), and language organisation across spoken and written language forms. 

accessing the language of teaching and learning

At Sound Beginnings, our approach is to:

  • build understanding and knowledge of oral language and communication, and its importance in literacy success
  • increase Structured Literacy results through our complementary evidence-based approach using effective, easy to implement strategies
  • share The Language of Learning and Teaching so that it is understood and implemented as part of all Structured Literacy teaching.

Learn more by exploring each of the Literacyscape™ elements below.

Structured Literacy Instruction

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness






Text comprehension

Written expression


Click on the bars above to explore each element.

Oral Language and Communication

Vocabulary acquisition and use

Conversations and questioning

Verbal reasoning and abstract language capability

Click on the bars above to explore each element.