The Sound Beginnings Literacyscape™ is a framework depicting the key elements of effective literacy teaching. The properties of oral language and communication encircle the elements of structured literacy instruction depicting how key oral language and communication are to a sound beginning in literacy and learning. 

Structured literacy is about systematic, explicit instruction that teaches language structure and use across the sensory motor properties of language. The speech sound system (phonology), the writing system (orthography), sentence structure (syntax), the meaningful parts of words (morphology), the meaning of and relationships amongst words (semantics), and how spoken and written language is organised. 

Key to accessing the language of teaching and learning

The Literacyscape™ places key importance on conversations and questioning, vocabulary acquisition and use, and the development of verbal reasoning and abstract language capability. These properties of oral language are key in learners accessing the language of teaching and learning and key to successful literacy, learning and life. A learner’s oral language and communication skills provide the foundation for all aspects of literacy learning and development. 

At Sound Beginnings we are passionate about supporting teachers and school leaders build their knowledge in oral language and communication and apply it in their practice as the foundation for effective literacy teaching and learning.

Structured Literacy Instruction

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness






Text comprehension

Written expression


Click on the bars above to explore each element.

Oral Language and Communication

Vocabulary acquisition and use

Conversations and questioning

Verbal reasoning and abstract language capability

Click on the bars above to explore each element.